[en] Schematic form as a theoretical tool for the analysis of prepositions, verbal prefixes and cases in Finnish and in Lithuanian

Clé

hal_000420

HALId

hal-01255673

Date export

2023-12-15

Mots clés en

enHumanities and Social Sciences/Linguistics
enexteriority
enverbal prefixes
enprepositions
enLithuanian
enFinnish
enrelator
encase suffixes
enpartitive case
enelative case

Date de publication

Langue du document

Anglais

Résumé

[en] This paper is a contribution to the discussion about the semantic identity of units functioning as prepositions, verbal prefixes and case suffixes. In an approach inspired by the Theory of Enunciative Operations (Culioli 1990, 1999), the authors consider these kinds of markers as relators which establish an abstract relation of location between two terms X and Y : X is located relative to Y. This idea is illustrated by the analysis of two elements, the verbal prefix and preposition iš in Lithuanian, and the element (t)A of the partitive and elative suffixes in Finnish. The precise nature of the relation set up by iš and (t)A is defined by means of a Schematic Form which enables to account for the various values expressed by these elements independently of their categorial status or contexts of use. Unlike many other approaches to the description of the semantic value of prepositions, verbal prefixes and case suffixes, this paper refuses to postulate the primacy of a concrete meaning over an abstract one, in particular that of space over other fields, even in a historical perspective. The Schematic Form of iš and (t)A is a theoretical tool which makes it possible to account for the ways exteriority is expressed in languages. The four markers analyzed in this paper – the Lithuanian prefix and preposition iš, the Finnish partitive suffix (t)A and elative suffix stA – implement this notion in a specific way, which makes them coincide locally but only on a limited overlap : each marker has an identity which is specific and cannot be assimilated to that of the other.

Auditoire

International

Est une partie de

Editeur

Société Finno-ougrienne, Helsinki

Nom de la revue

Uralica Helsingiensia

Collection

Domaine traduit

HAL

Format du depot

Notice

Date de modification

2016-01-13

Licence

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Citation bibliographique

Outi Duvallon, Hélène de Penanros. Schematic form as a theoretical tool for the analysis of prepositions, verbal prefixes and cases in Finnish and in Lithuanian. Uralica Helsingiensia, 2015, Contacts between the Baltic and Finnic languages, 7. [hal-01255673]

Citer cette ressource

[en] Schematic form as a theoretical tool for the analysis of prepositions, verbal prefixes and cases in Finnish and in Lithuanian, dans Études nordiques, consulté le 23 Juillet 2024, https://etudes-nordiques.cnrs.fr/s/numenord/item/11499